Is the EU using the Ukraine Crisis to…

The EU27 is an extremely large importer of fossil fuels, a situation being exacerbated by the closure of the Dutch Groningen gas field in 2022, significant falls in German production and closure of the latter’s remaining nuclear powered electricity generating facilities. The EU27 UN FCCC emissions target for 2020 was a 20% reduction relative to 1990. It did achieve that, even if the COVID lockdown impacts on emissions in 2020 are backed out. EU27 emissions fell at a rate of 1% per annum over those 30 years, and at a 2% rate in the past decade. These reductions did benefit from both the destruction of the carbon-intensive Eastern European heavy industries after the fall of the Soviet-

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